how many types of fiber patch cord ?

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In the digital age, fiber optic patch cords, as a key link in information transmission, play an important role in connecting the world. Whether it is long-distance transmission of single-mode fiber optic jumper cables, short-distance applications of multi-mode fiber optic jumper cables, or pre-spliced, adjustable, high-density, waterproof, optical-electrical hybrid and special-purpose fiber optic jumper cables. Innovative applications, they all meet the needs of different fields with their unique characteristics and advantages. This article will delve into the definition, characteristics, connector types, application scenarios and their important roles in different fields of these fiber optic patch cord cables.

Single mode fiber optic patch cord

Single-mode fiber optic jumper cable is a transmission medium used for fiber optic communications and is suitable for long-distance transmission and high-speed data transmission. It has the following definitions and characteristics:

Definition and characteristics:

  • Single-mode fiber optic patch cable is a type of fiber optic cable with a smaller core diameter, typically 9/125 micron.
  • Single-mode optical fiber jumper cable can transmit a single mode of optical signal, that is, only one optical signal mode is allowed to propagate in the optical fiber, which reduces the propagation loss of the optical signal.
  • It has small modal dispersion, which means that optical signals of different frequencies will not spread during signal transmission, thus maintaining high transmission quality.
  • Single-mode fiber optic patch cords have high bandwidth and can support high-speed data transmission, including high-definition video, audio and large-capacity data transmission.

Connector type:

  • Common single-mode fiber optic patch cord connector types include SC/APC, LC/APC, FC/APC, etc.
  • SC/APC connector is a common single-mode optical fiber connector with low insertion loss and reflection loss, suitable for long-distance communication and high-speed data transmission.
  • The LC/APC connector is a small connector with a small size and is suitable for high-density fiber optic cabling environments, such as data centers and network equipment.
  • FC/APC connector is a fixed connector with high precision and reliability and is commonly used in fiber optic backbone networks and communication infrastructure.

Application scenarios:

  • Long-distance communications: The characteristics of single-mode fiber optic jumper cables make them ideal for long-distance communications. They are widely used in long-distance transmission scenarios such as inter-city communications, optical fiber backbone networks and wide area networks, providing stable signal transmission and high-quality communication connections.
  • Optical fiber backbone network: Optical fiber backbone network is an important part of building a modern communication network. Single-mode optical fiber jumper cables are used as the main transmission medium to connect communication nodes and data centers in different regions, supporting large-capacity data transmission and high-speed Communication needs.
  • Data center: Data centers require high-speed and stable data transmission to meet the needs of cloud computing, big data processing and network services. Single-mode fiber optic patch cords are widely used within data centers for server interconnection, storage device connections, and high-speed communications between network switches.
  • Radio and television: Single-mode fiber optic jumper cables also have important applications in the radio and television industry. They are used to transmit high-definition video signals, audio signals and control signals, support the dissemination and distribution of radio and television programs, and provide a high-quality audio-visual experience.

Multimode fiber optic patch cord

Multimode fiber optic patch cord is a transmission medium used for fiber optic communications and is suitable for short distance transmission and lower rate data transmission. The following is a detailed introduction to the definition, characteristics, connector types and application scenarios of multimode fiber optic patch cords:

Definition and characteristics:

  • Multimode fiber optic patch cord is a type of fiber optic cable with a core diameter typically 50/125 microns or 62.5/125 microns.
  • Multimode fiber optic jumper cables can transmit multiple modes of optical signals at the same time, allowing multiple optical signal modes to propagate in the optical fiber.
  • It has large modal dispersion, which means that optical signals of different frequencies will spread during transmission, limiting the bandwidth and distance of transmission.
  • Multimode fiber optic patch cords are suitable for short-distance transmission and lower-rate data transmission, such as LAN and some audio and video transmission applications.

Connector type:

  • Common multimode fiber optic patch cord connector types include SC, LC, ST, etc.
  • SC connector is a common multi-mode fiber optic connector with low insertion loss and high accuracy, suitable for LAN and short-distance communications.
  • The LC connector is a small connector with a small size and is suitable for high-density fiber optic cabling environments, such as data centers and network equipment.
  • The ST connector is a circular connector commonly used in scenarios such as LAN and audio and video transmission.

Application scenarios:

  • LAN: Multimode fiber optic jumper cables are widely used in LAN to connect computers, switches, routers and other network devices. They support short-distance data transmission and meet the network communication needs of offices, schools, enterprises and other places.
  • Data center: Data centers usually need to transmit large amounts of data over short distances. Multimode fiber optic jumper cables are used for interconnections between servers, storage device connections, and communication between network switches to support communication within the data center. High speed data transfer.
  • Audio and video transmission: Multi-mode fiber optic jumper cables are also widely used in the field of audio and video transmission, such as connections between audio devices, signal transmission in video surveillance systems, etc. They can transmit multimedia signals and ensure high-quality transmission and playback of audio and video.

Pre-assembled fiber optic patch cord

Pre-assembled fiber optic patch cables are pre-assembled fiber optic patch cables that come in fixed lengths and connector types. The following is a detailed introduction to the definition, characteristics, advantages and application scenarios of pre-spliced fiber optic jumper cables:

Definition and characteristics:

  • Pre-assembled optical fiber jumper cables are optical fiber jumper cables in which optical fibers and connectors are pre-assembled during the manufacturing process. They typically come in fixed lengths and connector types and can be used directly to install and connect fiber optic equipment.
  • The joints between the fiber core and the connector of the pre-spliced fiber optic jumper cable are precisely assembled and tested in a factory environment to ensure good optical performance and reliable connection quality.

Advantage:

  • Convenient installation: Pre-assembled fiber optic jumper cables have already completed the assembly of optical fibers and connectors during the manufacturing process, making the installation process easier and faster. The installer only needs to insert the pre-assembled fiber optic jumper cable into the corresponding interface to complete the connection of the fiber optic equipment.
  • Consistency: Because pre-spliced fiber optic patch cords are assembled and tested in a factory environment, their quality and performance are consistent. Each pre-spliced fiber optic patch cord undergoes strict quality control to ensure precise connector alignment and stable optical performance.
  • Reliability: The connectors of pre-assembled fiber optic jumper cables have been professionally assembled and tested, and have low insertion loss and reflection loss, ensuring the reliability of the connection. Pre-assembled connectors also reduce potential problems caused by improper handling during on-site assembly.

Application scenarios:

  • Data center: In data centers, pre-spliced fiber optic jumper cables are widely used to connect servers and network switches, as well as to connect storage devices. As data centers require high-density and high-speed fiber optic connections, pre-spliced fiber optic patch cords provide a convenient, consistent and reliable solution.
  • Optical fiber communications: Pre-assembled fiber optic jumper cables also have important applications in fiber optic communication networks. They can be used in fields such as fiber optic backbone networks, fiber optic access networks, and fiber optic distributed sensing to support the transmission of optical signals and communication between connected devices.
  • Network device connection: Pre-spliced fiber optic jumper cables can be used to connect network devices, such as switches, routers, servers, etc. They provide a convenient and reliable way to achieve fiber optic connections between devices, ensuring high-speed and stable operation of the network.

Adjustable fiber optic patch cord

Adjustable fiber optic jumper cable is a type of fiber optic jumper cable with adjustable length, which is suitable for scenarios that require flexible cabling. The following is a detailed introduction to the definition, characteristics, structure, working principle and application scenarios of adjustable fiber optic patch cords:

Definition and characteristics:

  • Adjustable fiber optic jumper cable is a fiber optic jumper cable with an adjustable length that can be stretched or contracted according to actual needs to adapt to different distances and cabling needs.
  • It has the characteristics of flexibility and adjustability, which can reduce the problem of excess or insufficient fiber length and provide a more precise and effective fiber connection.

Structure and working principle:

  • Adjustable fiber optic patch cords typically consist of two main parts: a stretch sleeve and a locking mechanism.
  • The stretch sleeve is a key component of the adjustable fiber optic jumper cable. It is made of flexible material and has good elasticity and stretchability. Through the stretchability of the stretch sleeve, the length of the fiber optic patch cord can be adjusted.
  • A locking mechanism is used to secure the stretch sleeve at the desired length, preventing it from automatically shrinking or extending. Typically, locking mechanisms can be implemented using threads, clamping devices, or other mechanical structures.

Application scenarios:

  • Computer room wiring: Adjustable fiber optic jumper cables have important applications in computer room wiring. Since there may be different distances and wiring requirements in computer room cabling, adjustable fiber optic jumper cables can flexibly adjust the length and provide precise fiber optic connections to meet the fiber optic connection needs between devices in the computer room.
  • Device connection: Adjustable fiber optic jumper cables are also widely used in device connections, such as fiber optic connections between switches, routers, servers and other devices. They adapt to changes in distance between different devices and provide flexible and reliable fiber optic connection solutions.
  • Maintenance: Adjustable fiber optic jumper cables provide convenience during maintenance work. When fiber optic connections need to be replaced or repaired, the length of the adjustable fiber optic jumper cable can be adjusted as needed, reducing reliance on existing fiber lengths and simplifying the maintenance process.

High density fiber optic patch cord

High-density fiber optic jumper cable is a fiber optic jumper cable with a smaller outer diameter and higher core density, suitable for high-density equipment connections. The following is a detailed introduction to the definition, characteristics, connector types and application scenarios of high-density fiber optic jumper cables:

Definition and characteristics:

  • High-density fiber optic jumper cable refers to fiber optic jumper cable with smaller outer diameter and higher core density. They can provide a higher number of fiber cores in the same physical space than traditional fiber optic patch cords.
  • High-density fiber optic jumper cables are suitable for scenarios where a large number of devices need to be connected and space is limited, and can achieve efficient device layout and fiber optic connections.

Connector type:

  • Common high-density fiber optic patch cord connector types include MPO/MTP connectors. The MPO/MTP connector is a high-density optical fiber connector with multiple fiber cores that can connect multiple optical fibers at the same time.
  • MPO/MTP connectors usually adopt a one-piece design, which contains multiple fiber cores and can provide different numbers of fiber cores such as 12, 24, 36, etc. This connector can significantly reduce the space required for fiber optic connections and provide a high-density fiber optic connection solution.

Application scenarios:

  • Data Center: High-density fiber optic jumper cables are widely used in data centers. Data centers usually need to connect a large number of servers, switches, storage devices, etc., and high-density fiber optic jumper cables can provide higher fiber core density to meet the needs of high-density device connections. They help enable efficient cabling and fiber optic connectivity within data centers.
  • Optical fiber backbone network: In the optical fiber backbone network, high-density optical fiber jumper cables also have important applications. Fiber optic backbones are fiber optic networks that connect different locations and need to handle a large number of fiber optic connections. High-density fiber optic patch cords can effectively provide higher fiber core density and reduce the physical space occupied by fiber optic backbone networks.
  • High-density packaging equipment: High-density optical fiber jumper cables are also suitable for high-density packaging equipment, such as optical fiber transmission equipment, high-density switches, routers, etc. These devices often require connecting a large number of optical fibers, and high-density fiber optic patch cords can provide smaller outer diameters and higher core densities to accommodate the needs of high-density packaging devices.

Waterproof fiber optic jumper cable

Waterproof fiber optic jumper cable is a fiber optic jumper cable with waterproof, moisture-proof and corrosion-resistant properties, suitable for outdoor and harsh environments. The following is a detailed introduction to the definition, characteristics, structure and materials of waterproof optical fiber jumper cables, as well as application scenarios:

Definition and characteristics:

  • Waterproof fiber optic jumper cables refer to fiber optic jumper cables that are waterproof, moisture-proof and corrosion-resistant. Designed for use in outdoor environments or harsh conditions, they protect fiber optic connections from moisture, moisture and corrosion.
  • Waterproof optical fiber jumper cable has good sealing and weather resistance, which can effectively prevent moisture from penetrating into the optical fiber connection and ensure the stability and reliability of optical fiber transmission.

Construction and Materials:

  • Waterproof fiber optic jumper cable adopts special structure and waterproof material to achieve waterproof function.
  • A typical waterproof optical fiber jumper cable structure includes an inner optical fiber, a waterproof layer and an outer sheath.
    • The inner optical fiber is the core part for transmitting optical signals and adopts a standard optical fiber structure.
    • The waterproof layer is a key part to prevent moisture from penetrating. It is usually made of waterproof glue or materials containing waterproofing agents, which has excellent waterproof and moisture-proof properties.
    • The outer sheath is the outer layer that protects the optical fiber jumper cable. It is usually made of weather-resistant materials, such as PE or LSZH.

Application scenarios:

  • Outdoor fiber optic cabling: Waterproof fiber optic jumper cables are widely used in outdoor fiber optic cabling. Since the outdoor environment may be affected by rain, moisture and other severe weather conditions, waterproof fiber optic jumper cables can effectively protect fiber optic connections and ensure stable transmission of outdoor fiber optic cabling.
  • Communication base station: In communication base stations, waterproof fiber optic jumper cables are used to connect different equipment, antennas, fiber distribution racks, etc. Since communication base stations are usually located in outdoor environments, waterproof fiber optic jumper cables can resist the effects of humidity, rain and other external environments, ensuring reliable transmission of communication signals.
    -Military Applications: Waterproof fiber optic patch cords play an important role in military applications. There may be harsh environmental conditions in military scenarios, such as high humidity, immersion, etc. Waterproof fiber optic jumper cables can provide reliable fiber optic connections to ensure the security and stability of military communications and data transmission.

Opto-electrical hybrid patch cord

Opto-electric hybrid jumper cable is a jumper cable that combines the functions of optical fiber and cable and is used to transmit optical signals and electrical signals at the same time. The following is a detailed introduction to the definition, characteristics, structure and connector types of optical-electrical hybrid jumper cables, as well as application scenarios:

Definition and characteristics:

  • Opto-electric hybrid jumper cable is a jumper cable that has the functions of optical fiber and cable, and can transmit optical signals and electrical signals in the same cable.
  • The characteristic of optical and electrical hybrid jumper cables is to provide the ability to transmit electrical signals while ensuring the quality of optical fiber transmission, realizing hybrid transmission of optical and electrical signals.

Structure and connector types:

  • The structure of the optical-electrical hybrid jumper cable usually consists of an optical fiber unit and a cable unit.

    • The optical fiber unit is the part used to transmit optical signals and adopts a standard optical fiber structure, usually including optical fiber core, optical fiber bushing and optical fiber cladding.
    • The cable unit is the part used to transmit electrical signals, including electrical conductors, insulation layers, outer sheaths, etc., to ensure the stability and safety of electrical signal transmission.
  • Optoelectronics the connector type of hybrid patch cables can be based on the fiber and cable connection requirements. Common connector types include:

    • LC/PC-SC/UPC: This connector type combines two fiber optic connectors, LC and SC, with an LC connector on one side for fiber optic connection and an SC connector on the other side for cable connection.
    • MPO-SC: This connector type combines two fiber optic connectors, MPO and SC, with an MPO connector on one side for fiber optic connection and an SC connector on the other side for cable connection.

Application scenarios:

  • Optoelectronic signal transmission: Optoelectronic hybrid jumper cables are widely used in the field of optoelectronic signal transmission. They can be used in fiber optic communication systems, fiber optic sensors and other applications that require simultaneous transmission of optical signals and electrical signals to achieve mixed transmission of signals and extension of transmission distance.
  • Industrial automation: In the field of industrial automation, optical and electrical hybrid jumper cables can be used to connect industrial equipment, sensors and control systems. By integrating optical signals and electrical signals into one cable, the wiring process can be simplified and the reliability and stability of the equipment can be improved.
  • Medical equipment: Optoelectronic hybrid jumper cables are also used in medical equipment. For example, it is used for medical image transmission and signal transmission of medical equipment. Through optical and electrical hybrid jumper cables, image data and electrical signals can be transmitted simultaneously to meet the diverse needs of medical equipment for signal transmission.

Special purpose fiber optic patch cord

Special purpose optical fiber jumper cable is a type of optical fiber jumper cable suitable for special application scenarios, with specific characteristics and functions. The following is a detailed introduction to the definition, characteristics, type examples and applications of special-purpose optical fiber jumper cables in special environments such as aerospace, nuclear power plants and oil fields:

Definition and characteristics:

  • Special-purpose fiber optic jumper cables are fiber optic jumper cables designed for special application scenarios, with specific characteristics and functions to meet the needs of special environments.
  • These jumper cables usually have special external protective layers, materials or structures that can adapt to the temperature, pressure, chemical substances and other requirements of special environments and provide reliable fiber optic connections.

Jumper type:

  • High-temperature fiber optic jumper cable: This type of jumper cable is designed for use in high-temperature environments and can maintain the transmission performance and stability of optical fiber under high-temperature conditions. They usually use special materials and protective layers to resist the effects of high temperatures on the optical fiber.
  • Radiation-resistant optical fiber jumper cables: Jumper cables used in radiation environments such as nuclear power plants need to have radiation-resistant properties to maintain the reliability and stability of optical fiber transmission in radiation environments. This type of jumper cable usually uses special materials and construction to reduce the impact of radiation on the fiber.
  • Explosion-proof fiber optic jumper cables: Jumper cables used in explosive hazardous environments need to have explosion-proof properties to avoid explosions caused by sparks. This type of jumper cable typically features explosion-proof materials and construction to ensure safe use in hazardous environments.

Application scenarios:

  • Aerospace: Special-purpose optical fiber jumper cables play an important role in the aerospace field. Aeronautical equipment such as spacecraft and aircraft usually face extreme environments such as high temperature, low temperature, and high radiation, and require high-performance fiber optic jumper cables to ensure reliable communication and data transmission.
  • Nuclear power plants: The radiation environment in nuclear power plants places special demands on fiber optic patch cord cables. Radiation-resistant optical fiber jumper cables can maintain the stability and reliability of communication in high radiation environments and are used in monitoring, control and communication systems of nuclear power plants.
  • Oil fields: In harsh environments such as oil fields, explosion-proof fiber optic jumper cables can ensure the safe operation of fiber optic communication systems. They can prevent explosions caused by electric sparks and are widely used in fields such as oil well monitoring, data transmission and control systems.

Fiber optic patch cords, with their diverse types and wide range of applications, connect information and people’s lives around the world. Whether it is long-distance transmission or short-distance applications, pre-spliced, adjustable, high-density, waterproof, optical-electrical hybrid and special purpose fiber optic jumper cables play an important role in different fields. As technology continues to advance and demand continues to grow, fiber optic patch cords will continue to innovate and evolve, providing more solutions for the infinite possibilities of connecting the world.

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