PM Coupler

Table of Contents

Product Description

PM Coupler is an optical device used to couple and distribute polarized light signals. It usually consists of a polarizing beam splitter and has the property of maintaining the polarization state of the optical signal. The main function is to couple one or more input polarized light signals to one or more output channels and keep the polarization state of the coupled light signals consistent. It can evenly distribute the power of the optical signal and keep the polarization direction of the optical signal unchanged.

The common PM Coupler design uses the principle of polarizing beam splitter. A polarizing beam splitter is an optical device that can split the input polarized light signal into two branches, usually called the primary branch (major axis) and the secondary branch (minor axis). The main branch usually has higher transmittance, while the secondary branch has lower transmittance. During the branching process, the polarization beam splitter can maintain the polarization state of the optical signal, that is, the combined output optical signal and the input optical signal remain consistent in the polarization direction.

PM Coupler can have different coupling ratios, such as 50:50 (even distribution of optical power) or other ratios, designed according to the needs of specific applications. It can be used in fields such as fiber optic communications, fiber optic sensors, optical measurement and laser systems.

Product Application

1. Optical fiber communication system: PM Coupler can be used for components such as power splitter and coupler in optical fiber communication systems. They are used to distribute optical signals into different channels or optical fibers to achieve splitting, multiplexing and distribution of optical signals. In optical fiber communication systems, it is often used in optical fiber distributed sensing systems, optical fiber networks and optical fiber transmission systems.

2. Fiber optic sensors: PM Coupler has important applications in fiber optic sensors. It can be used to introduce light signals into sensors for measurement and detection. Fiber optic sensors include fiber grating sensors, fiber optic gyroscopes, fiber optic accelerometers, fiber optic pressure sensors, etc. It can be used to distribute optical signals to different sensor channels to increase the sensitivity and performance of the sensor array.

3. Optical measurement and interference: PM Coupler is often used in optical measurement and interference systems, such as interferometers, optical interferometers, optical interferometry and optical coherence tomography, etc. It can distribute optical signals into different optical paths for interference or interference measurements. In these applications, it plays a key role in optical distribution and control.

4. Optical laboratories: PM Coupler is also widely used in research and development in optical laboratories. It can be used to distribute the output optical signal of the laser to different channels, connect optical fibers to optical components, and realize the assembly and debugging of optical systems.

Product Features

(1) Low insertion loss: It has low insertion loss, that is, the energy loss when the optical signal is coupled from the input channel to the output channel is small. This helps ensure high transmission efficiency and low signal attenuation of optical signals.

(2) High coupling efficiency: Efficient optical signal coupling and distribution can be achieved. It can effectively distribute the input optical signals to the output channels and realize the splitting and multiplexing of optical signals. High coupling efficiency ensures accurate transmission and distribution of optical signals.

(3) Wide operating wavelength range: It usually has operating characteristics of a wide wavelength range and can be applied to optical signals of multiple wavelengths. This gives it greater flexibility and applicability in different optical applications.

(4) Customizable: Customized design can be made according to specific application requirements. Different coupling ratios can be selected according to needs, such as 50:50 or other ratios; it can also be customized according to requirements such as wavelength range, coupling efficiency and insertion loss.

(5) Reliability and stability: Usually has good reliability and stability. They are precisely manufactured and calibrated to ensure stable performance over time. This is very important for long-term operation and critical applications.

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